Doctor of Philosophy
PhD in International Studies, majoring in International Political Economy and Transnationalism from Old Dominion University in 2018. Published dissertation entitled,
“Throw me a Lifeline: A Comparison of Port Cities with Antithetical Adaptation Strategies to Sea-level Rise.”
M. A. in National Security and Strategic Studies, U.S. National War College, 1994.
M. S. in Systems Technology – Joint Command, Control and Communications, Naval Postgraduate School, 1990.
Thesis on Voice Recognition in Wargaming.
M. S. in Systems Management, University of Southern California, 1987.
National Security Fellow at the JFK School of Government, Harvard University, 2002-2003.
Thesis entitled: “Keeping Terrorists out of the Box: Examining Policies to Counter Seaborne Container Terrorism”. Published op-ed “Protect our Ports” in the Baltimore Sun with thesis co-authors CDR Bruce Loveless (USN), CDR Daniel McClellan (USCG), and LTCOL John Valentine (USA).